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1. ‘Where peace begins’: helping Liberia turn the corner through the power of radio

‘Where peace begins’: helping Liberia turn the corner through the power of radio

The United Nations Mission in Liberia (UNMIL) will close at the end of March 2018. Over its nearly 15 years of operations, the peacekeeping mission has helped bring back peace and stability to the West African country. In January, Liberia carried out its first peaceful democratic transition in more than 70 years, with the election of President George Weah, who succeeded Ellen Johnson Sirleaf – Africa’s first elected woman head of state. Napoleon Viban is the head of UNMIL Radio, the peacekeeping mission’s station, which has been a driving force in bringing Liberians together after years of brutal conflict. In this podcast, he shares with UN News his hopes for Liberia’s continued transition and development, as the UN Mission exits the country. Viban also explains the role he and his staff at the station hope to play by staying on air and continuing to serve the Liberian people, with news and programmes that will help strengthen stability and democracy. Audio Credit: Pascal Sim, UN News Audio Duration: 13'50" Photo: Napoleon Napoleon Viban, the head of UNMIL Radio, being interviewed by UN News in Monrovia, Liberia. Video screen capture

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2. "The Lid Is On" Podcast: Tea and empathy - ZamZam Yusuf shares her refugee experience

Somali refugee ZamZam Yusuf has a message for any neighbours who think she doesn’t have the right to call Leicester, in the English Midlands, home. “I would like to offer you a cup of tea” at my house, says the 30-year-old mother-of-four, who came to UN Headquarters in January, as world leaders prepare to debate the first ever global compact for migration. Her university in the United Kingdom has taken the academic lead in furthering the UN’s Together campaign, on behalf of the millions who are on the move, whose basic rights are being denied. Too often, said UN chief António Guterres – launching his 2018 report on refugees and migrants – their positive contribution is being overshadowed by the plight of a “desperate minority” forced to live in the shadows by countries that violate their rights. ZamZam came in to our Lid Is On podcast studio, at UN Headquarters in New York, to describe her extraordinary journey – just one of the millions that are being taken each year, in search of a better life. Duration: 21’40” MUSIC CREDITS: Forth Then Fall by Ketsa Photo: ZamZam Yusuf at the Lid Is On studio in New York. UN News/Matt Wells

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3. Surviving Gaza: one mother tells us her community could go “over the edge” without UN support

Surviving Gaza: one mother tells us her community could go “over the edge” without UN support

Cuts in UN funding for Gaza’s Palestine refugees threaten to push the entire community “over the edge”, combined with what one senior official has called the “combustible cocktail of humanitarian, political and security challenges” facing the territory. That’s the key concern of Sikham Al-Khalout, a Palestinian mother-of-seven, who has watched her family’s standard of living tumble in recent months, to the point where they are struggling to survive. For this latest edition of our UN News podcast, ‘The Lid is On’, we’ll hear from inside Gaza and talk to the new Director for the UN Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees (UNRWA) in the Gaza Strip. MUSIC CREDITS: Roll On, by Ketsa Olem Ben, Olem Ben, by Turku, Nomads of the Silk Road Photo: Matthias Schmale, Director of UNRWA Operations accompanied by Deputy Chief, Area Office, Middle area Mr. Sami Salhi and briefed by Head of Job Creation Programme (JCP) Mr. Maher Safi on the JCP’s agriculture project in the Middle area, Gaza Strip. Photo credit: © UNRWA Gaza /Tamer Hamam

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4. Make human trafficking “a real priority” urges UN chief

Make human trafficking “a real priority” urges UN chief

The scourge of human trafficking needs to become “a real priority for international cooperation,” the UN Secretary-General urged on Wednesday. The plea from António Guterres came as the General Assembly adopted a new Political Declaration to fight trafficking in persons, during a high-level meeting in New York. The two-day meeting to appraise the UN Global Plan of Action over the issue, heard moving testimony during the opening session, from a victim of human trafficking who said survivors needed to hear the UN was on their side. Matt Wells reports. Duration; 2'56"

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5. Clip - Razia Sultana at the Security Council on 16 April 2018

Clip - Razia Sultana at the Security Council on 16 April 2018

Razia Sultana, NGO Working Group on Women, Peace and Security. Ms Sultana is a Rohingya lawyer, who serves as Coordinator of the Free Rohingya Coalition, Director of Arakan Rohingya National Organization's (ARNO) women section, and founder of Rohingya Women Welfare (ROWW).

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6. "The Lid is On" podcast: Peacekeeping and protection in South Sudan

Defending the vulnerable from attack is one of the important duties of a UN peacekeeper, but what do you do when you come across a secret safe that may contain weapons, hidden away in a camp designed to protect civilians? That’s one of the real-life dilemmas facing a UN police patrol in this latest edition of our podcast series from UN News, The Lid Is On. We’ll be taking you inside one of the Protection of Civilian sites, where thousands of South Sudanese civilians have been sheltering during years of conflict, under the watchful eye of UN blue helmets from countries across the world. Daniel Dickinson has been working as the Spokesperson for the UN Mission there, UNMISS, since early this year, and we asked him to report on the behind-the-scenes work that its troops and police get involved in every day, to try and ease the suffering of the world’s youngest nation. Duration: 21’12″ Photo: UNPOL Officer Cynthia Anderson, from Ghana, performing a search at a POC site in South Sudan. UNMISS/Daniel Dickinson

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7. Early action key to prevent El Niño and La Niña-related crises: OCHA

Early action key to prevent El Niño and La Niña-related crises: OCHA

It’s essential to “get out in front” of humanitarian crises that are fuelled by the destructive weather patterns known as El Niño and La Niña. That’s the strong view of one senior official with the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), who’s been working on how best to address the problem during 2018. The El Niño and La Niña effect, describes the cyclical cooling and warming of water in the central Pacific, which can fuel devastating drought and flooding in many parts of the world. During the last major El Niño event two years ago, 23 countries, representing 60 million people, had to ask for emergency help to deal with its effects. Kirsten Mildren spoke to OCHA senior official, Greg Puley, who’s been planning OCHA’s response to the La Niña effect this year. There’s a 70 per cent chance it’s going to have a profound impact – especially in the Horn of Africa region. He began by outlining exactly how the weather patterns work. Duration: 8’44” Photo: Drought associated with the El Niño phenomenon severely affected Arsi, Ethiopia in 2016. Photo: OCHA/Charlotte Cans

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8. "The Lid is On" podcast: Surviving sexual slavery - Grizelda’s story

How do you overcome years of sexual slavery, despite scars which will always remain? Grizelda Grootboom knows the answer, and in September, she joined the Secretary-General at the UN’s main podium, to tell her story. She came to urge the General Assembly to adopt a Political Declaration to end the scourge of human trafficking, telling delegates that they had to put victims’ needs first. UN chief António Guterres called for trafficking to become a “real priority for international cooperation”. “It’s so important to hear the voices of survivors,” said Grizelda. Afterwards, she spoke at length to Cristina Silveiro, for this latest edition of our podcast series, The Lid Is On. Duration: 39’55″ Photo Credit: Grizelda Grootboom in the radio studio at UN Headquarters in NY. UN News/Matt Wells Music credits: Ketsa: “Sad Moments” and “Catch me Falling”

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9. For the UN, Marlon Brando highlights “life and death” value of fresh water

For the UN, Marlon Brando highlights “life and death” value of fresh water

It’s World Water Day, and we’re bringing you a double-bill for this edition of our UN Podcast Classics series, kicking off with the legendary actor, Marlon Brando. In 1956, the Oscar-winning star of On the Waterfront, became UN Radio’s front man on water; narrating the story of how the UN Technical Assistance Administration brought a “pure, sweet, flowing” supply to one Bolivian village. As the International Decade for Action on water for sustainable development gets under way here at the UN, we also look back at the 1950s struggle to provide access to clean running water in El Salvador. You’ll find these stories, along with dozens of other unique and unusual radio stories, in our Audiovisual Library archive, at unmultimedia.org/avlibrary. Photo: Marlon Brando speaks at UNICEF's New York Headquarters about the desperate needs of many of the world's children. (file) Credit: UNICEF/UN0157660/Speiser

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10. "The Lid is On" podcast: Japanese pioneer looks back on her first "business trip" to space

Astronaut Chiaki Mukai broke all the way through earth's stratosphere to become the first Japanese woman in space. For this latest edition of our podcast series, The Lid Is On, she sat down with Dianne Penn at the recent High Level Forum on Space, held in Dubai and organized by the UN Office for Outer Space Affairs (UNOOSA) together with the United Arab Emirates Space Agency. It marked the second time that representatives from the global space sector met to discuss how they can contribute to the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) which address challenges such as tackling poverty, inequality and the impact of climate change. Chiaki said that thrilled as she was to be out among the stars, she was even more excited to return to earth. Having dreamed of seeing the planet from space, she tells Dianne of the pride she felt in its beauty, and the connection that binds all living things together. Duration: 25’14″ Music credit: Ketsa – Angel Falling Photo: Astronaut Chiaki Mukai, the first Japanese woman in space. Photo: UN News/Runa A

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11. Clip - Secretary-General Statement on Inter-Korean Summit - Read by Stéphane Dujarric

Clip - Secretary-General Statement on Inter-Korean Summit - Read by Stéphane Dujarric

Stéphane Dujarric, Spokesperson for the Secretary-General, read a statement from United Nations Secretary-General António Guterres on the summit between the leaders of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) and the Republic of Korea, on 27 April 2018 at UN Headquarters in New York. Photo: Spokesperson for the Secretary-General, Stéphane Dujarric. UN Photo/Evan Schneider (file)

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12. ‘Fake news’ challenges audiences to tell fact from fiction

‘Fake news’ challenges audiences to tell fact from fiction

The emergence of so-called “fake news” has created “competing versions of information and the truth,” a situation which is challenging for audiences across the world; that’s according to a senior journalist who is joining a panel of experts at the United Nations on Thursday to discuss press freedom. Farnaz Fassihi of the Wall Street Journal says that the rise of social media has made it more difficult for the average person to differentiate between verified facts and misinformation. The issue of fake news is due to be discussed at the UN on World Press Freedom Day, which is marked annually on 3 May. Daniel Dickinson began by asking Farnaz Fassihi to define fake news. Audio Credit: Daniel Dickinson, UN News Photo Credit: Farnaz Fassihi, a senior writer at The Wall Street Journal, at UN News studio in UN Headquarters in New York. UN News/Daniel Dickinson

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13. Despite progress, Somalia still needs international support: UN refugee chief

Despite progress, Somalia still needs international support: UN refugee chief

The international community is being urged to continue supporting efforts to restore and rebuild Somalia. UN High Commissioner for Refugees Filippo Grandi made the appeal during a visit to the country this week. Decades of political instability coupled with armed violence, poverty, drought and other natural hazards, have displaced scores of Somalis: either within the country or across the border. But, as Dianne Penn reports, many are returning home. Duration: 2’04” PHOTO: UN High Commissioner for Refugees Filippo Grandi visits the newly built shelter home of a Somali returnee in Kismayo, southern Somalia. Photo: UNHCR/Georgina Goodwin

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14. Biodiversity expert says credible evidence should be basis for decisions that affect nature

Biodiversity expert says credible evidence should be basis for decisions that affect nature

All Governments should be basing environmental policies on peer-reviewed, evidence-based science, says Sir Robert Watson, Chair of the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES), which will present five major reports at its upcoming plenary session in Colombia. Omar Musni asked Sir Robert how IPBES reports seek to inform decision-making at every level. Photo: Sir Robert Watson, Chair of the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES), upon receiving the UNEP Champion of the Earth award for Science and Innovation, November 2014. Credit: UNEP, used under CC BY-NC-SA 2.0 — cropped from original

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15. Clip - Usula Mueller at the Security Council on 25 April 2018

Clip - Usula Mueller at the Security Council on 25 April 2018

Situation in Syria’s Idlib “remains catastrophic” as donors pledge $4.4 billion at Brussels Conference. Audio Credit: Matt Wells, UN News Photo Credit: Ursula Mueller, Assistant Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Deputy Emergency Relief Coordinator in the Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) addresses the Security Council. UN Photo/Eskinder Debebe

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16. UN Gender Focus: The economics of gender balance

UN Gender Focus: The economics of gender balance

As women fight for gender parity in and out of the workforce a new study shows that in most of Europe, women are slowly catching up to men. But just as gender similarities are an asset to the world of work, are their female perspectives that men don’t share, which provide unique and useful insight? As Fatima Mendez has been finding out for this UN Gender Focus podcast, that’s one of the interesting viewpoints to emerge from a study supported by the International Labour Organization looking at the differences between the sexes when it comes to economics and public policy. Audio Credit: Fatima E. Mendez, UN News Photo: Ann Mari May, Economics Professor at University of Nebraska-Lincoln and David Kucera, Senior Economist at ILO's Employment Policy Department. courtesy of Ann Mari May. Photo: Ave Kukuli

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17. No doubt we will end FGM: New UN Women Goodwill Ambassador

No doubt we will end FGM: New UN Women Goodwill Ambassador

An activist who has mobilized young people in West Africa to lobby against practices that are harmful to girls will now be advocating for change across the entire continent. Jaha Dukureh from The Gambia was recently named the first ever Regional Goodwill Ambassador for Africa with UN Women, the United Nations entity that champions gender equality and the empowerment of women. For our latest Lid Is On podcast, she’s been telling Dianne Penn she can already see signs that Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) and child marriage are on the way out. Audio Credit: Dianne Penn, UN News Music Credit: State of Mind by Audiobinger Photo: Jaha Dukureh at the panel discussion following the US premiere of the documentary Jaha’s Promise, hosted by UN Women and the Wallace Global Fund, held at United Nations in New York on 6 June, 2017. UN Women/Ryan Brown

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18. 1975's UN rallying cry for ‘colonized and underdeveloped’ women of the world

1975's UN rallying cry for ‘colonized and underdeveloped’ women of the world

As the women’s liberation movement gathered pace across the world in the 1970s, the UN responded by designating 1975 the first ever International Women’s Year. For this edition of our Podcast Classics series, in honour of International Women’s Day, we’re taking you back to that watershed moment which saw the first World Conference on Women take place in Mexico City. MUSIC CREDITS: Rise and Shine, by Audiobinger China town, by Audiobinger United Nations Audiovisual Library: UN Radio series ‘Half the World is Woman’ (1975) https://www.unmultimedia.org/avlibrary/asset/1079/1079300/ Audio Credit: Matt Wells, UN News Photo: The World Conference of the International Women's Year opened at the Juan de la Barrera Gymnasium in Mexico City on 19 June 1975. There were 110 delegations represented at the opening session, with women delegates outnumbering the men by about six to one. UN Photo/B Lane

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19. The Lid Is On: From Angola to Iraq, mine removal ‘the precursor to peace’

The Lid Is On: From Angola to Iraq, mine removal ‘the precursor to peace’

In this episode of our podcast, The Lid Is On, Paul Heslop of the UN Mine Action Service (UNMAS) tells Dianne Penn how removing mines and bombs literally clears the path for peace and development. Music credit: Judas Goat (Featuring Hicham Enouiti), by Filastine. Photo: UN Mine Action Service (UNMAS) contractors conduct clearance operations in the heavily destroyed Old City of Mosul, Iraq, 10 March 2018. Credit: UNMAS/Cengiz Yar.

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20. UN and Africa: Somalia’s life-saving volunteer ambulance service

UN and Africa: Somalia’s life-saving volunteer ambulance service

Welcome to our latest UN and Africa podcast, from UN News. Before the arrival of the Aamin Free Ambulance Service in Somalia’s capital twelve years ago, victims of car crashes or terror attacks, were taken to hospital in wheelbarrows. The volunteer service operates around the clock, and Michael Keating, who’s in charge of the UN Assistance Mission in Somalia (UNSOM), is calling for more support for the vital “first-responder”, which has saved hundreds of lives across the capital Mogadishu. Music Credits: State of Mind, by Audiobinger Studio Mali - Youssou N'Dour's Wake UP - "It's Africa Calling" Remix by IntraHealth International Audio Credit: Matt Wells, Ali Gutale Photo Credit: Collage of photos of Dr. Abdikadir Abdirahman Aden and the voluntary organization he founded, the Aamin Free Ambulance Service, at work at Benadir Hospital in Mogadishu, Somalia. (28 October, 2017) UN Photo/Ilyas Ahmed

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